Marine waters assessment using improved water quality model incorporating machine learning approaches

Md Galal Uddin, Azizur Rahman, Stephen Nash, Mir Talas Mahammad Diganta, Abdul Majed Sajib, Md Moniruzzaman, Agnieszka I. Olbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
59 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In marine ecosystems, both living and non-living organisms depend on “good” water quality. It depends on a number of factors, and one of the most important is the quality of the water. The water quality index (WQI) model is widely used to assess water quality, but existing models have uncertainty issues. To address this, the authors introduced two new WQI models: the weight based weighted quadratic mean (WQM) and unweighted based root mean squared (RMS) models. These models were used to assess water quality in the Bay of Bengal, using seven water quality indicators including salinity (SAL), temperature (TEMP), pH, transparency (TRAN), dissolved oxygen (DOX), total oxidized nitrogen (TON), and molybdate reactive phosphorus (MRP). Both models ranked water quality between “good” and “fair” categories, with no significant difference between the weighted and unweighted models’ results. The models showed considerable variation in the computed WQI scores, ranging from 68 to 88 with an average of 75 for WQM and 70 to 76 with an average of 72 for RMS. The models did not have any issues with sub-index or aggregation functions, and both had a high level of sensitivity (R2 = 1) in terms of the spatio-temporal resolution of waterbodies. The study demonstrated that both WQI approaches effectively assessed marine waters, reducing uncertainty and improving the accuracy of the WQI score.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118368
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume344
Early online date24 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2023

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