Marital status and suicidal ideation among Australian older adults: The mediating role of sense of belonging

Suzanne McLaren, Rapson Gomez, Peter Gill, Jessica Chesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Marriage has been identified as a protective factor in relation to suicide among older adults. The current study aimed to investigate whether sense of belonging mediated the marital status-suicidal ideation relationship, and whether gender moderated the mediation model. It was hypothesized that the relationship between being widowed and lower levels of sense of belonging, and between lower levels of belonging and higher levels of suicidal ideation, would be stronger for older men than older women. Methods: A community sample of Australian men (n = 286) and women (n = 383) aged from 65 to 98 years completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument and the suicide subscale of the General Health Questionnaire. Results: The results supported the moderated mediation model, with gender influencing the marital status-sense of belonging relation. For men, widowhood was associated with lower levels of belongingness, whereas for women, marital status was unrelated to sense of belonging. Conclusions: It would appear crucial to develop and implement interventions which assist older men to find new ways to feel important and valued after the death of their spouse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-154
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume27
Issue number1
Early online date07 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Suicidal Ideation
Marital Status
Widowhood
Suicide
Women's Rights
Marriage
Spouses
Psychology
Health

Cite this

@article{95c71c4aaa6a4201995ab2476fa28967,
title = "Marital status and suicidal ideation among Australian older adults: The mediating role of sense of belonging",
abstract = "Background: Marriage has been identified as a protective factor in relation to suicide among older adults. The current study aimed to investigate whether sense of belonging mediated the marital status-suicidal ideation relationship, and whether gender moderated the mediation model. It was hypothesized that the relationship between being widowed and lower levels of sense of belonging, and between lower levels of belonging and higher levels of suicidal ideation, would be stronger for older men than older women. Methods: A community sample of Australian men (n = 286) and women (n = 383) aged from 65 to 98 years completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument and the suicide subscale of the General Health Questionnaire. Results: The results supported the moderated mediation model, with gender influencing the marital status-sense of belonging relation. For men, widowhood was associated with lower levels of belongingness, whereas for women, marital status was unrelated to sense of belonging. Conclusions: It would appear crucial to develop and implement interventions which assist older men to find new ways to feel important and valued after the death of their spouse.",
keywords = "belonging, community sample, marital status, men, suicidal ideation",
author = "Suzanne McLaren and Rapson Gomez and Peter Gill and Jessica Chesler",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1017/S1041610214001501",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "145--154",
journal = "International Psychogeriatrics",
issn = "1041-6102",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

Marital status and suicidal ideation among Australian older adults : The mediating role of sense of belonging. / McLaren, Suzanne; Gomez, Rapson; Gill, Peter; Chesler, Jessica.

In: International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 27, No. 1, 12.01.2015, p. 145-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Marital status and suicidal ideation among Australian older adults

T2 - The mediating role of sense of belonging

AU - McLaren, Suzanne

AU - Gomez, Rapson

AU - Gill, Peter

AU - Chesler, Jessica

PY - 2015/1/12

Y1 - 2015/1/12

N2 - Background: Marriage has been identified as a protective factor in relation to suicide among older adults. The current study aimed to investigate whether sense of belonging mediated the marital status-suicidal ideation relationship, and whether gender moderated the mediation model. It was hypothesized that the relationship between being widowed and lower levels of sense of belonging, and between lower levels of belonging and higher levels of suicidal ideation, would be stronger for older men than older women. Methods: A community sample of Australian men (n = 286) and women (n = 383) aged from 65 to 98 years completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument and the suicide subscale of the General Health Questionnaire. Results: The results supported the moderated mediation model, with gender influencing the marital status-sense of belonging relation. For men, widowhood was associated with lower levels of belongingness, whereas for women, marital status was unrelated to sense of belonging. Conclusions: It would appear crucial to develop and implement interventions which assist older men to find new ways to feel important and valued after the death of their spouse.

AB - Background: Marriage has been identified as a protective factor in relation to suicide among older adults. The current study aimed to investigate whether sense of belonging mediated the marital status-suicidal ideation relationship, and whether gender moderated the mediation model. It was hypothesized that the relationship between being widowed and lower levels of sense of belonging, and between lower levels of belonging and higher levels of suicidal ideation, would be stronger for older men than older women. Methods: A community sample of Australian men (n = 286) and women (n = 383) aged from 65 to 98 years completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument and the suicide subscale of the General Health Questionnaire. Results: The results supported the moderated mediation model, with gender influencing the marital status-sense of belonging relation. For men, widowhood was associated with lower levels of belongingness, whereas for women, marital status was unrelated to sense of belonging. Conclusions: It would appear crucial to develop and implement interventions which assist older men to find new ways to feel important and valued after the death of their spouse.

KW - belonging

KW - community sample

KW - marital status

KW - men

KW - suicidal ideation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84927690932&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84927690932&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S1041610214001501

DO - 10.1017/S1041610214001501

M3 - Article

C2 - 25101552

AN - SCOPUS:84927690932

VL - 27

SP - 145

EP - 154

JO - International Psychogeriatrics

JF - International Psychogeriatrics

SN - 1041-6102

IS - 1

ER -