Matrix Factorization with Rating Completion: an Enhanced SVD Model for Collaborative Filtering Recommender Systems

Xin Guan, Chang Tsun Li, Yu Guan.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)
128 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Collaborative filtering algorithms such as matrix factorization techniques are recently gaining momentum due to their promising performance on recommender systems. However, most collaborative filtering algorithms suffer from data sparsity. Active learning algorithms are effective in reducing the sparsity problem for recommender systems by requesting users to give ratings to some items when they enter the systems. In this paper, a new matrix factorization model, called Enhanced SVD (ESVD) is proposed, which incorporates the classic matrix factorization algorithms with ratings completion inspired by active learning. In addition, the connection between the prediction accuracy and the density of matrix is built to further explore its potentials. We also propose the Multi-layer ESVD (MESVD), which learns the model iteratively to further improve the prediction accuracy. To handle the imbalanced datasets that contain far more users than items or more items than users, the Item-wise ESVD (IESVD) and User-wise ESVD (UESVD) are presented, respectively. The proposed methods are evaluated on the famous Netflix and Movielens datasets. Experimental results validate their effectiveness in terms of both accuracy and efficiency when compared with traditional matrix factorization methods and active learning methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27668
Pages (from-to) 27668 - 27678
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Access
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2017

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