Measuring Police Subcultural Perceptions: A Study of Frontline Police Officers in China

Zheng Chen

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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occupation, they also acknowledge that a service function is one of the most important components of police work. To some extent, they are both crime and service oriented. Different from the Western descriptions, Chinese officers do not show a strong adherence to cultural themes of traditionalism, unreceptivity to change, and cynicism. MANOVA tests suggest that all the demographic and work-related variables except age are significantly associated with one or several cultural themes in this study. Most of the findings are reasonable and consistent with the existing literature. Female officers, officers with more education, and officers from higher levels of police departments were found to have a lower level of adherence to the police subculture. In addition, a police orientation toward crime fighting is significantly correlated with all other cultural themes in this study, but role orientation of service is only significantly correlated with cynicism and a crime fighting role orientation. Isolation was found to be significantly related to the level of cynicism, solidarity, and receptivity to change. There are positive correlations with cynicism and solidarity, and negative correlation with receptivity to change.On the basis of the findings, implications for police administrators and instructors are provided. First of all, regular training programs that emphasises problem solving and interpersonal communication skills should be provided for officers. Regular in-service training may help frontline police officers grasp necessary updated community-oriented knowledge and skills for the implementation of community policing in China. Second, a clearer delimitation and regulation on police service functions is needed to reduce police workload and improve police-community relations. Frontline police work needs to be narrowed and police workload needs to be decreased.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Charles Sturt University
  • Devery, Christopher, Principal Supervisor
  • Wooden, Kenneth, Co-Supervisor
Award date10 Jul 2015
Place of PublicationAustralia
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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