Measuring relative cue strength as a means of validating an inventory of expert offender profiling cues

Ben W. Morrison, Mark W. Wiggins, Nigel W. Bond, Michael D. Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cues have been identified as important precursors to successful diagnoses among expert practitioners. However, current approaches to the identification of expert cues typically rely on subjective methods, making the validity of cues difficult to establish. The present research examined the utility of a Paired-Concept Association Task (P-CAT) as a basis for discriminating expert and novice cue activation in the context of offender profiling. Three studies are reported: 1A employed a cognitive interview for the acquisition of cue-based concepts used by experts and novices; 1B presented pairs of concepts as part of the P-CAT, which recorded response latency; and, 1C employed a survey to further gauge participants' perceptions of the concepts. The results revealed differences between experts and novices in the cue-based associations activated, and in the response latencies associated with the P-CAT, across expertise. The P-CAT accurately discriminated expert from novice cue activation and consequently offers a new method for objectively validating expert cue use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-226
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Cues
offender
Chemical activation
expert
Equipment and Supplies
Gages
activation
Reaction Time
expertise
Interviews
interview
Research

Cite this

@article{70a8873cb98144fa9f1e0866d133815e,
title = "Measuring relative cue strength as a means of validating an inventory of expert offender profiling cues",
abstract = "Cues have been identified as important precursors to successful diagnoses among expert practitioners. However, current approaches to the identification of expert cues typically rely on subjective methods, making the validity of cues difficult to establish. The present research examined the utility of a Paired-Concept Association Task (P-CAT) as a basis for discriminating expert and novice cue activation in the context of offender profiling. Three studies are reported: 1A employed a cognitive interview for the acquisition of cue-based concepts used by experts and novices; 1B presented pairs of concepts as part of the P-CAT, which recorded response latency; and, 1C employed a survey to further gauge participants' perceptions of the concepts. The results revealed differences between experts and novices in the cue-based associations activated, and in the response latencies associated with the P-CAT, across expertise. The P-CAT accurately discriminated expert from novice cue activation and consequently offers a new method for objectively validating expert cue use.",
keywords = "Cue recognition, Cue strength, Cues, Decision making, Expertise, Offender profiling",
author = "Morrison, {Ben W.} and Wiggins, {Mark W.} and Bond, {Nigel W.} and Tyler, {Michael D.}",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1555343412459192",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "211--226",
journal = "Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making",
issn = "1555-3434",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

Measuring relative cue strength as a means of validating an inventory of expert offender profiling cues. / Morrison, Ben W.; Wiggins, Mark W.; Bond, Nigel W.; Tyler, Michael D.

In: Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, Vol. 7, No. 2, 01.06.2013, p. 211-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring relative cue strength as a means of validating an inventory of expert offender profiling cues

AU - Morrison, Ben W.

AU - Wiggins, Mark W.

AU - Bond, Nigel W.

AU - Tyler, Michael D.

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - Cues have been identified as important precursors to successful diagnoses among expert practitioners. However, current approaches to the identification of expert cues typically rely on subjective methods, making the validity of cues difficult to establish. The present research examined the utility of a Paired-Concept Association Task (P-CAT) as a basis for discriminating expert and novice cue activation in the context of offender profiling. Three studies are reported: 1A employed a cognitive interview for the acquisition of cue-based concepts used by experts and novices; 1B presented pairs of concepts as part of the P-CAT, which recorded response latency; and, 1C employed a survey to further gauge participants' perceptions of the concepts. The results revealed differences between experts and novices in the cue-based associations activated, and in the response latencies associated with the P-CAT, across expertise. The P-CAT accurately discriminated expert from novice cue activation and consequently offers a new method for objectively validating expert cue use.

AB - Cues have been identified as important precursors to successful diagnoses among expert practitioners. However, current approaches to the identification of expert cues typically rely on subjective methods, making the validity of cues difficult to establish. The present research examined the utility of a Paired-Concept Association Task (P-CAT) as a basis for discriminating expert and novice cue activation in the context of offender profiling. Three studies are reported: 1A employed a cognitive interview for the acquisition of cue-based concepts used by experts and novices; 1B presented pairs of concepts as part of the P-CAT, which recorded response latency; and, 1C employed a survey to further gauge participants' perceptions of the concepts. The results revealed differences between experts and novices in the cue-based associations activated, and in the response latencies associated with the P-CAT, across expertise. The P-CAT accurately discriminated expert from novice cue activation and consequently offers a new method for objectively validating expert cue use.

KW - Cue recognition

KW - Cue strength

KW - Cues

KW - Decision making

KW - Expertise

KW - Offender profiling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84883428281&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84883428281&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1555343412459192

DO - 10.1177/1555343412459192

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84883428281

VL - 7

SP - 211

EP - 226

JO - Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making

JF - Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making

SN - 1555-3434

IS - 2

ER -