Aim: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC) therapy in combination with arthroscopic abrasion arthroplasty (AAA) in advanced knee osteoarthritis (OA). Materials & methods: 27 patients with Grade IV OA of the knee underwent AAA and ADMSC therapy (50 × 106 ADMSCs at baseline and 6 months). Clinical outcome was assessed over 36 months. Structural change was determined using MRI.
Results: Treatment was well tolerated with no serious adverse events. Clinically significant improvements in pain and function were observed. Reproducible hyaline-like cartilage regeneration was seen in all participants.
Conclusion: ADMSC therapy combined with AAA in Grade IV OA results in reproducible pain, functional and structural improvements. This represents a joint preservation technique for patients with advanced OA of the knee. Trial registration number: ACTRN12617000638336</ext-link.