MPTP-induced vulnerability of dopamine neurons in A53T a-synuclein overexpressed mice with the potential involvement of DJ-1 downregulation

Seongmi Lee, Seung Tack Oh, Ha Jin Jeong, Sok Cheon Pak, Hi Joon Park, Jongpil Kim, Hyun Seok Cho, Songhee Jeon

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7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Familial Parkinson's disease (PD) has been linked to point mutations and duplication of the a-synuclein (a-syn) gene. Mutant a-syn expression increases the vulnerability of neurons to exogenous insults. In this study, we developed a new PD model in the transgenic mice expressing mutant hemizygous (hemi) or homozygous (homo) A53T a-synuclein (a-syn Tg) and their wildtype (WT) littermates by treatment with sub-toxic (10 mg/kg, i.p., daily for 5 days) or toxic (30 mg/kg, i.p., daily for 5 days) dose of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Tyrosine hydroxylase and Bcl-2 levels were reduced in the a-syn Tg but not WT mice by sub-toxic MPTP injection. In the adhesive removal test, time to remove paper was significantly increased only in the homo a-syn Tg mice. In the challenging beam test, the hemi and homo a-syn Tg mice spent significantly longer time to traverse as compared to that of WT group. In order to find out responsible proteins related with vulnerability of mutant a-syn expressed neurons, DJ-1 and ubiquitin enzyme expressions were examined. In the SN, DJ-1 and ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, UBE2N, levels were significantly decreased in the a-syn Tg mice. Moreover, A53T a-syn overexpression decreased DJ-1 expression in SH-SY5Y cells. These findings suggest that the vulnerability to oxidative injury such as MPTP of A53T a-syn mice can be explained by downregulation of DJ-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-632
Number of pages8
JournalKorean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

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