### Abstract

In this work, we use a symbolic algebra package to derive a family of finite difference approximations for the biharmonic equation on a 9-point compact stencil. The solution and its first derivatives are carried as unknowns at the grid points. Dirichlet boundary conditions are thus incorporated naturally. Since the approximations use the 9-point compact stencil, no special formulas are needed near the boundaries. Both second-order and fourth-order discretizations are derived. The fourth-order approximations produce more accurate results than the 13-point classical stencil or the commonly used system of two second-order equations coupled with the boundary condition. The method suffers from slow convergence when classical iteration methods such as Gauss-Seidel or SOR are employed. In order to alleviate this problem we propose several multigrid techniques that exhibit grid-independent convergence and solve the biharmonic equation in a small amount of computer time. Test results from three different problems, including Stokes flow in a driven cavity, are reported.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1575-1585 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | SIAM Journal of Scientific Computing |

Volume | 19 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Sep 1998 |

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## Cite this

*SIAM Journal of Scientific Computing*,

*19*(5), 1575-1585. https://doi.org/10.1137/S1464827596296970