This study aimed to quantify the effect of muscle, ageing and cooking temperature on the texture, cooking loss and shrinkage of cooked beef. Cuboids from unaged (1 day post mortem) and aged (14 days post mortem) semitendinosus, biceps femoris and psoas major muscles, from both sides of five beef carcasses, were cooked at four different cooking temperatures (50, 60, 70 and 80 ◦C) for 30 min. and their Warner–Bratzler shear force (WBSF), cooking loss and shrinkage (longitudinal and transverse) were quantified. The WBSF was reduced by ageing in the muscles at the specific cooking temperatures: psoas major (cooked at 50, 60 and 80 ◦C), semitendinosus (70 and 80 ◦C) and biceps femoris (80 ◦C). The cooking loss was 3% greater in aged compared to unaged muscles. The longitudinal shrinkage was greatest in psoas major at 80 ◦C amongst the muscle types and it was reduced by ageing in psoas major (70 and 80 ◦C) and biceps femoris (80 ◦C). The transverse shrinkage was reduced by ageing only in biceps femoris, across all temperatures; and the diameter of homogenized fibre fragments from semitendinosus and biceps femoris was reduced more by cooking at 50 ◦C in unaged compared to aged condition. WBSF was related to transverse shrinkage, and cooking loss was related to longitudinal shrinkage. The effect of muscle type on the physical changes occurring during cooking of beef is dependent on ageing and cooking temperature.
Vaskoska, R., Ha, M., Naqvi, Z. B., White, J., & Warner, R. D. (2020). Muscle, ageing and temperature influence the changes in texture, cooking loss and shrinkage of cooked beef. Foods, 9(9), . https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091289