Mycorrhizal status in the rotation: The importance to subsequent cotton establishment

Joseph Moore, James Pratley, R Malone, K O'Keeffe, Karen Kirkby

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Abstract

Early vigor in cotton is related to its ability to access nutrients present in the soil. Mycorrhizal associations are known to benefit cotton establishment by enhancing nutrient and moisture acquisition, particularly phosphorus and zinc. If the colonisation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is incomplete, the cotton crop may be restricted in its establishment and growth. The need for vigorous germination, strong emergence and establishment at appropriate densities becomes paramount to subsequent crop development and ultimate yield. Commercial mycorrhizal testing of ‘pre-plant’ soil samples showed a wide range of spore counts (4-100 spores/g), dependant on the crop rotational circumstances. Additionally, a field site previously used for rice that displayed growth differences between old bank lines and the adjacent rice bay area was utilised for soil sampling. Paired soil core samples from these areas were taken in PVC tubes (100mm diameter, 250mm depth). Plant height and establishment rates were measured in the field at time of sampling. Plant heights at time of soil core sampling between bank and bay areas were significantly different (p <0.001). Subsequently, PVC tubes were then sown with cotton and utilised in a pot experiment. Cotton plants were grown for six weeks in a temperature controlled glasshouse (day/night cycle 30°C/20°C). Roots were then washed, stained and mycorrhizal colonisation was determined in each sample. Mycorrhizal colonisation was greater in soil cores sampled from old bank areas compared with the adjacent bay (p < 0.05). This paper discusses the relationship between crop rotations and their effect on colonisation of mycorrhiza in cotton and the implications of converting old rice bays into raised beds for cotton production.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication17th Proceedings of the Australian Agronomy Conference
Place of PublicationWarragul; Victoria; Australia
PublisherAustralian Society for Agronomy
Pages1-4
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event17th Australian Agronomy Conference - Wrest Point Convention Centre , Hobart, Australia
Duration: 20 Sep 201524 Sep 2015
http://2015.agronomyconference.com/

Conference

Conference17th Australian Agronomy Conference
Abbreviated titleBuilding Productive, Diverse and Sustainable Landscapes
CountryAustralia
CityHobart
Period20/09/1524/09/15
Internet address

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    Moore, J., Pratley, J., Malone, R., O'Keeffe, K., & Kirkby, K. (2015). Mycorrhizal status in the rotation: The importance to subsequent cotton establishment. In 17th Proceedings of the Australian Agronomy Conference (pp. 1-4). Australian Society for Agronomy.