Nanocapsules Comprised of Purified Protein: Construction and Applications in Vaccine Research

Ivana Skakic, Aya C Taki, Jasmine E Francis, Chaitali Dekiwadia, Thi Thu Hao Van, Carina C D Joe, Tram Phan, George Lovrecz, Paul R Gorry, Paul A Ramsland, Anna K Walduck, Peter M Smooker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nanoparticles show great promise as a platform for developing vaccines for the prevention of infectious disease. We have been investigating a method whereby nanocapsules can be formulated from protein, such that the final capsules contain only the cross-linked protein itself. Such nanocapsules are made using a silica templating system and can be customised in terms of size and porosity. Here we compare the construction and characteristics of nanocapsules from four different proteins: one a model protein (ovalbumin) and three from infectious disease pathogens, namely the influenza virus, Helicobacter pylori and HIV. Two of the nanocapsules were assessed further. We confirm that nanocapsules constructed from the urease A subunit of H. pylori can reduce subsequent infection in a vaccinated mouse model. Further, we show that capsules constructed from the HIV gp120 protein can be taken up by dendritic cells in tissue culture and can be recognised by antibodies raised against the virus. These results point to the utility of this method in constructing protein-only nanocapsules from proteins of varying sizes and isoelectric points.

Original languageEnglish
Article number410
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2024


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