Natural history of Lumbini farmscape: Central lowland Nepal

Research output: Book/ReportBook


Nepal is a country bestowed with rich natural and cultural diversity. The north-south vertical gradient from the terai plains barely 60 masl, culminating with the height of Sagarmatha (=Mt Everest, 8848m) gives rise to an array of geographical features and formations. Tropical vegetation blankets the southern plains gradually rising northward and giving way to subtropical, temperate and alpine vegetation. Sunny and shady slopes, river valleys and hill tops are often composed of quite different vegetation, even at similar altitudes. Within valleys, the creation of micro-climate zones has given rise to an exceptional natural diversity. The eastern half of Nepal from the Mechi Zone to the Kali Gandaki valley is characterized by higher rainfall and humidity. The western half from the Kali Gandaki valley westwards to the Mahakali valley is a relatively a drier zone. Such climatic variations have resulted in botanical richness which in turn, is reflected in the faunal wealth of the country.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKathmandu, Nepal
PublisherHimalayan Nature
Number of pages184
ISBN (Print)9789937829229
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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