Neuroinflammation: A common pathway in Alzheimer's disease and epilepsy

Yee Liew, Thaarvena Retinasamy, Alina Arulsamy, Idrish Ali, Nigel C. Jones, Terence J. O'Brien, Mohd Farooq Shaikh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation is an innate immunological response of the central nervous system that may be induced by a brain insult and chronic neurodegenerative conditions. Recent research has shown that neuroinflammation may contribute to the initiation of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis and associated epileptogenesis.
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to investigate the available literature on the shared molecular mechanisms of neuroinflammation in AD and epilepsy.
METHODS: The search included in this systematic review was obtained from 5 established databases. A total of 2,760 articles were screened according to inclusion criteria. Articles related to the modulation of the inflammatory biomarkers commonly associated with the progression of AD and epilepsy in all populations were included in this review.
RESULTS: Only 7 articles met these criteria and were chosen for further analysis. Selected studies include both in vitro and in vivo research conducted on rodents. Several neuroinflammatory biomarkers were reported to be involved in the cross-talk between AD and epilepsy.
CONCLUSION: Neuroinflammation was directly associated with the advancement of AD and epilepsy in populations compared to those with either AD or epilepsy. However, more studies focusing on common inflammatory biomarkers are required to develop standardized monitoring guidelines to prevent the manifestation of epilepsy and delay the progression of AD in patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S253-S265
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume94
Issue numbers1
Early online date17 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

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