Next generation sequencing of single nucleotide polymorphic DNA‐markers in selecting for intramuscular fat, fat melting point, omega‐3 long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and meat eating quality in Tattykeel Australian White MARGRA lamb

Shedrach Pewan, John Otto, Roger Huerlimann, Alyssa Budd, Felista Mwangi, Richard Edmunds, Benjamin Holman, Michelle Henry, Robert Kinobe, Oyelola Adegboye, Aduli Malau-Aduli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Meat quality data can only be obtained after slaughter when selection decisions about the live animal are already too late. Carcass estimated breeding values present major precision problems due to low accuracy, and by the time an informed decision on the genetic merit for meat quality is made, the animal is already dead. We report for the first time, a targeted next‐generation sequencing (NGS) of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of lipid metabolism genes in Tattykeel Australian White (TAW) sheep of the MARGRA lamb brand, utilizing an innovative and minimally invasive muscle biopsy sampling technique for directly quantifying the genetic worth of live lambs for health‐beneficial omega‐3 long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n‐3 LC‐PUFA), intramuscular fat (IMF), and fat melting point (FMP). NGS of stearoyl‐CoA desaturase (SCD), fatty acid binding protein‐4 (FABP4), and fatty acid synthase (FASN) genes identified functional SNP with unique DNA marker signatures for TAW genetics. The SCD g.23881050T>C locus was significantly associated with IMF, C22:6n‐3, and C22:5n‐3; FASN g.12323864A>G locus with FMP, C18:3n‐3, C18:1n‐9, C18:0, C16:0, MUFA, and FABP4 g.62829478A>T locus with IMF. These add new knowledge, precision, and reliability in directly making early and informed decisions on live sheep selection and breeding for health‐beneficial n‐3 LC‐PUFA, FMP, IMF and superior meat‐eating quality at the farmgate level. The findings provide evidence that significant associations exist between SNP of lipid metabolism genes and n‐3 LC‐PUFA, IMF, and FMP, thus underpinning potential marker-assisted selection for meat‐eating quality traits in TAW lambs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2288
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalFoods
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2021

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