The effects of oxygen exposure on pulmonary and blood non-enzymic antioxidant concentrations was evaluated in budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus). Budgerigars were exposed to acute (3 h), repeated acute (3 exposures each of 3 h) or chronic (72 h) normobaric hyperoxic environments and the pulmonary and plasma concentrations of selected non-enzymic antioxidants, namely glutathione, uric acid, α- and γ-tocopherol and carotenoids were assayed. With increasing duration of oxygen exposure, the ratio of oxidised to reduced glutathione was significantly increased, while the concentrations of uric acid, α- and γ-tocopherol and carotenoids were significantly reduced, especially following chronic oxygen exposure. Following acute and repeated acute exposure, alteration in glutathione concentrations and reduction in α-tocopherol concentrations indicated oxygen stress. Following chronic exposure, depletion of non-enzymic antioxidants indicated exhaustion of these protective mechanisms and progression from oxygen stress to oxygen toxicity.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - C Toxicology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 May 2001|