Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a record of ongoing electrical signal to represent the human brain activity. It has great potential for the diagnosis to treatment of mental disorder and brain diseases such as epileptic seizure. Features extraction and classification is a crucial task to detect the stage of ictal (i.e. seizure period) and interictal (i.e. period between seizures) EEG signals for the treatment and precaution of the patient. However, existing seizure and non-seizure feature extraction techniques are not good enough for the classification of ictal and interictal EEG signals considering their non-abrupt phenomena and inconsistency in different brain locations. In this paper, we present new approaches for feature extraction using high-frequency components from discrete cosine transformation (DCT) and intrinsic mode function (IMF) extracted from empirical mode decomposition (EMD). These features are then used as an input to least square-support vector machine (LV-SVM) to classify ictal and interictal EEG signals. Experimental results show that the proposed methods outperform the existing state-of-the-art method for better classification in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy with greater consistence of ictal and interictal period of epilepsy for benchmark dataset from different brain locations.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2015|