Nuclear import properties of the sex-determining factor SRY

Jade Forwood, Gurpreet Kaur, David A. Jans

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)


The sex-determining factor SRY plays an important role in male sexual development, diverting primordial gonads from the ovarian pathway toward male differentiation to form testes. SRY is a DNA-binding protein and gains access to the nucleus through two independently acting nuclear localization signals (NLSs) that flank the high mobility group (HMG) DNA-binding domain. We have reconstituted the nuclear import of SRY using an in vitro nuclear transport assay, showing that nuclear import of SRY can occur in the absence of additional exogenous cytosolic factors, with a ignificant reduction in nuclear transport in the presence of antibodies to the nuclear transport protein importin (Imp) ß1 but not Imp' . We have also shown using in vitro binding assays that the C-terminal NLS of SRY binds directly to Impß1. Finally, we have shown that SRY can target green fluorescent protein to the nucleus in a mammalian transfected cell line; importantly, mutations known to result in sex reversal that map to either NLS impair nuclear accumulation implying that SRY nuclear import is critical to its function.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStructural proteomics
Subtitle of host publicationhigh-throughput methods
Place of PublicationTotowa, N.J.
PublisherHumana Press
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9781588298096
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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