Predictive mapping of within'vineyard winegrape yield, quality and ripeness, using high spatial resolution optical remote sensing, relies upon relationships between image'derived canopy vigour metrics and fruit composition and yield components. Regular image acquisition of two contrasting vineyard sites enabled a temporal analysis of variation in these relationships. An image processing algorithm was developed to segment vineyard imagery into single grapevine objects. Various remote sensing vegetation indices, calculated for each grapevine object, revealed that indices sensitive to high vegetation densities, performed significantly better at predicting fruit composition and yield elements than the commonly used NDVI. The strength and direction of correlations between canopy vigour and season'end fruit descriptors varied by phenological stage and by vineyard type. The ability of optical remote sensing to successfully map within'vineyard winegrape composition and yield may vary depending upon vineyard characteristics, management and temporal variability in overall vineyard production.