Occupational Injustice: what do Brazilian occupational therapists say about it?

Vagner Dos Santos (Presenter), Barbara Ursula Dos Santos, JosenaideEngracia dos Santos

Research output: Other contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


Introduction: The concept of occupational injustice, originated and studied in the Global North, does not have a consensual definition (Hammell, 2020). Yet, it continues to spread and is used among occupational therapy professionals in the Global South. This study explores the use and understanding of the occupational injustice concept among Brazilian occupational therapists. Methods: A qualitative research was carried out. Five occupational therapists were interviewed, the interviews lasted around one hour each, and the transcribed data were analyzed using content analysis (Bardin, 2011). Results: Three themes were identified: (i)'Occupational Injustice notions'; (ii)'Practical Experiences'; and (iii)'Associated Concepts'. While the notions of occupational injustice were permeated by ideas from the Global North, the understanding of Brazilian occupational therapists was permeated by their lived (professional and personal) experiences, which is essentially different from examples in the Global North texts. Also, participants often used associated concepts to articulate their ideas and contextualize the Brazilian reality. Human rights, racism, and economic inequality were often embedded in their discussion around the (im)possibilities of engagement and participation (in occupations). Implications: Questioning northern concepts (Dos Santos & Leon, 2016), as occupational injustice, allows us to understand the influence of the discipline of occupational science over the profession of occupational therapy in Brazil. To promote a dialogue, and prove its global relevance, the discipline will have to embed and expand its interest in the discussion of racial inequalities, intolerance and disrespect for human rights from a southern perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 Aug 2022
EventInaugural World Occupational Science Conference - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 18 Aug 202220 Aug 2022


ConferenceInaugural World Occupational Science Conference
Internet address


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