Occupational therapy in Iran: Past, present, and future

Mehdi Rassafiani, Robab Sahaf, Farzaneh Yazdani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although occupational therapy recently reached the centenary year of its establishment in the United States, it is a relatively new profession across the world. Iran has experienced 45 years of a fluctuating history in occupa-tional therapy within a political context of revolutionary upheaval and war. In line with practice elsewhere, occupa-tional therapists in Iran have emphasized occupational therapy paradigms and the importance of a client-centered approach since the profession began. However, unique conditions in Iran have influenced the evolution of occupa-tional therapy. This article reviews the history of occupational therapy in Iran and discusses the major events that affected its development. We describe the historical context of the development of occupational therapy in Iran; the current context and recent achievements, including evidence-based practice; and the future need for increased capacity, validation of tools for clinical practice, and expansion of research areas. This article provides a narrative review of the development of occupational therapy in an Eastern country. Consideration of the growth of occupa-tional therapy in Iran from an analytical point of view would be worthwhile.…

Other research has been conducted in the area of occupational science, such as the concept of occupation and occupational balance (Khayatzadeh Mahani, Hassani Mehraban, Kamali, & Parvizy, 2015; Yazdani, Harb, Rassafiani, Nobakht, & Yazdani, 2017; Yazdani, Roberts …
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of International Occupational Therapy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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