On-farm participatory research sites investigating factors limiting use of perennial pastures in pasture crop enterprises

Mark Peoples, Tony Swan, Justin Tidd, Janet Walker, Philip Bowden, Richard Hayes, Guangdi Li, Mark Norton, Eric Koetz, Brian Dear

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

Abstract

Workshops and surveys conducted with farmers and agribusiness in the mixed farming zone of southern New South Wales (NSW) identified concerns about the cost of establishment and poor survival of perennials, and uncertainties about their impact on farm profit and risk as constraints to the wider integration of perennial pastures into cropping systems. Subsequent consultation with farmers and consultants led to the development of several on-farm participatory trials in 2008-09. One such series of studies investigated issues surrounding pasture establishment. Cover-cropping (sowing pasture species under a grain crop) is the dominant method of pasture establishment but although this technique has been used for many years, farmers are now reporting a higher frequency of failure. This paper reports the findings from 4 trials undertaken in direct collaboration with farmers using farming machinery at Brocklesby and Ariah Park in southern NSW which aimed to compare the influence of sowing rate and the presence and absence of a cereal cover-crop on the establishment and persistence of the perennials lucerne, phalaris, cocksfoot, and chicory sown in different mixes and rates. There was little or no effect of the presence of a cover-crop on initial establishment of any of the perennials, but both growth and survival of some species during the drier than average spring and over the 2009 summer were severely impacted by cover-crop sowing rates as low as 10 kg barley/ha and 12 kg wheat/ha. The results are compared to outcomes of cover-cropping studies undertaken in the same region between 1996 and 2000.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication15th AAC
Subtitle of host publicationFood security from sustainable agriculture
Place of PublicationAustralia
PublisherThe Regional Institute
Pages1-1
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventAustralian Agronomy Conference - Lincoln, New Zealand, New Zealand
Duration: 15 Nov 201018 Nov 2010

Conference

ConferenceAustralian Agronomy Conference
CountryNew Zealand
Period15/11/1018/11/10

Fingerprint

cover crops
pastures
farmers
farms
sowing
crops
grain crops
New South Wales
farming systems
Phalaris
chicory
consultants
agribusiness
Dactylis glomerata
profits and margins
cropping systems
alfalfa
uncertainty
barley
wheat

Cite this

Peoples, M., Swan, T., Tidd, J., Walker, J., Bowden, P., Hayes, R., ... Dear, B. (2010). On-farm participatory research sites investigating factors limiting use of perennial pastures in pasture crop enterprises. In 15th AAC: Food security from sustainable agriculture (pp. 1-1). Australia: The Regional Institute.
Peoples, Mark ; Swan, Tony ; Tidd, Justin ; Walker, Janet ; Bowden, Philip ; Hayes, Richard ; Li, Guangdi ; Norton, Mark ; Koetz, Eric ; Dear, Brian. / On-farm participatory research sites investigating factors limiting use of perennial pastures in pasture crop enterprises. 15th AAC: Food security from sustainable agriculture. Australia : The Regional Institute, 2010. pp. 1-1
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abstract = "Workshops and surveys conducted with farmers and agribusiness in the mixed farming zone of southern New South Wales (NSW) identified concerns about the cost of establishment and poor survival of perennials, and uncertainties about their impact on farm profit and risk as constraints to the wider integration of perennial pastures into cropping systems. Subsequent consultation with farmers and consultants led to the development of several on-farm participatory trials in 2008-09. One such series of studies investigated issues surrounding pasture establishment. Cover-cropping (sowing pasture species under a grain crop) is the dominant method of pasture establishment but although this technique has been used for many years, farmers are now reporting a higher frequency of failure. This paper reports the findings from 4 trials undertaken in direct collaboration with farmers using farming machinery at Brocklesby and Ariah Park in southern NSW which aimed to compare the influence of sowing rate and the presence and absence of a cereal cover-crop on the establishment and persistence of the perennials lucerne, phalaris, cocksfoot, and chicory sown in different mixes and rates. There was little or no effect of the presence of a cover-crop on initial establishment of any of the perennials, but both growth and survival of some species during the drier than average spring and over the 2009 summer were severely impacted by cover-crop sowing rates as low as 10 kg barley/ha and 12 kg wheat/ha. The results are compared to outcomes of cover-cropping studies undertaken in the same region between 1996 and 2000.",
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Peoples, M, Swan, T, Tidd, J, Walker, J, Bowden, P, Hayes, R, Li, G, Norton, M, Koetz, E & Dear, B 2010, On-farm participatory research sites investigating factors limiting use of perennial pastures in pasture crop enterprises. in 15th AAC: Food security from sustainable agriculture. The Regional Institute, Australia, pp. 1-1, Australian Agronomy Conference, New Zealand, 15/11/10.

On-farm participatory research sites investigating factors limiting use of perennial pastures in pasture crop enterprises. / Peoples, Mark; Swan, Tony; Tidd, Justin; Walker, Janet; Bowden, Philip; Hayes, Richard; Li, Guangdi; Norton, Mark; Koetz, Eric; Dear, Brian.

15th AAC: Food security from sustainable agriculture. Australia : The Regional Institute, 2010. p. 1-1.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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AU - Hayes, Richard

AU - Li, Guangdi

AU - Norton, Mark

AU - Koetz, Eric

AU - Dear, Brian

N1 - Imported on 03 May 2017 - DigiTool details were: publisher = Australia: The Regional Institute, 2010. Event dates (773o) = 15-18 November 2010; Parent title (773t) = Australian Agronomy Conference.

PY - 2010

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N2 - Workshops and surveys conducted with farmers and agribusiness in the mixed farming zone of southern New South Wales (NSW) identified concerns about the cost of establishment and poor survival of perennials, and uncertainties about their impact on farm profit and risk as constraints to the wider integration of perennial pastures into cropping systems. Subsequent consultation with farmers and consultants led to the development of several on-farm participatory trials in 2008-09. One such series of studies investigated issues surrounding pasture establishment. Cover-cropping (sowing pasture species under a grain crop) is the dominant method of pasture establishment but although this technique has been used for many years, farmers are now reporting a higher frequency of failure. This paper reports the findings from 4 trials undertaken in direct collaboration with farmers using farming machinery at Brocklesby and Ariah Park in southern NSW which aimed to compare the influence of sowing rate and the presence and absence of a cereal cover-crop on the establishment and persistence of the perennials lucerne, phalaris, cocksfoot, and chicory sown in different mixes and rates. There was little or no effect of the presence of a cover-crop on initial establishment of any of the perennials, but both growth and survival of some species during the drier than average spring and over the 2009 summer were severely impacted by cover-crop sowing rates as low as 10 kg barley/ha and 12 kg wheat/ha. The results are compared to outcomes of cover-cropping studies undertaken in the same region between 1996 and 2000.

AB - Workshops and surveys conducted with farmers and agribusiness in the mixed farming zone of southern New South Wales (NSW) identified concerns about the cost of establishment and poor survival of perennials, and uncertainties about their impact on farm profit and risk as constraints to the wider integration of perennial pastures into cropping systems. Subsequent consultation with farmers and consultants led to the development of several on-farm participatory trials in 2008-09. One such series of studies investigated issues surrounding pasture establishment. Cover-cropping (sowing pasture species under a grain crop) is the dominant method of pasture establishment but although this technique has been used for many years, farmers are now reporting a higher frequency of failure. This paper reports the findings from 4 trials undertaken in direct collaboration with farmers using farming machinery at Brocklesby and Ariah Park in southern NSW which aimed to compare the influence of sowing rate and the presence and absence of a cereal cover-crop on the establishment and persistence of the perennials lucerne, phalaris, cocksfoot, and chicory sown in different mixes and rates. There was little or no effect of the presence of a cover-crop on initial establishment of any of the perennials, but both growth and survival of some species during the drier than average spring and over the 2009 summer were severely impacted by cover-crop sowing rates as low as 10 kg barley/ha and 12 kg wheat/ha. The results are compared to outcomes of cover-cropping studies undertaken in the same region between 1996 and 2000.

M3 - Conference paper

SP - 1

EP - 1

BT - 15th AAC

PB - The Regional Institute

CY - Australia

ER -

Peoples M, Swan T, Tidd J, Walker J, Bowden P, Hayes R et al. On-farm participatory research sites investigating factors limiting use of perennial pastures in pasture crop enterprises. In 15th AAC: Food security from sustainable agriculture. Australia: The Regional Institute. 2010. p. 1-1