On steady motions of an ideal fibre-reinforced fluid in a curved stratum: Geometry and integrability

Dmitry Demskoi, Wolfgang Schief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is shown that the kinematic equations governing steady motions of an ideal fibre-reinforced fluid in a curved stratum may be expressed entirely in terms of the intrinsic Gauss equation, which assumes the form of a partial differential equation of third order, for the surface representing the stratum. In particular, the approach adopted here leads to natural non-classical orthogonal coordinate systems on surfaces of constant Gaussian curvature with one family of coordinate lines representing the fibres. Integrable cases are isolated by requiring that the Gauss equation be compatible with another third-order hyperbolic differential equation. In particular, a variant of the integrable Tzitzéica equation is derived which encodes orthogonal coordinate systems on pseudospherical surfaces. This third-order equation is related to the Tzitzéica equation by an analogue of the Miura transformation for the (modified) Korteweg–de Vries equation. Finally, the formalism developed in this paper is illustrated by focussing on the simplest 'fluid sheets' of constant Gaussian curvature, namely the plane, sphere and pseudosphere.
Original languageEnglish
Article number505205
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Volume54
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2021

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