Open chain knee extension exercise compared to closed chain squat exercise: which is more likely to contribute to knee injuries

Stephen Bird, Paul Bulkeley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Debate continues over the use of the open kinetic chain (OKC) knee extension exercise compared to the closed kinetic chain (CKC) squat exercise, as to what are safe and effective exercises for the knee injury rehabilitation and the development of leg strength. As such, there is much confusion amongst strength and conditioning coaches, rehabilitation professionals and athletes. In the field of strength and conditioning, the current increasing professional liability issues have also raised the need to provide scientifically valid and safe exercise prescription. The scientific literature reviewed presents evidence from twelve cross-sectional investigations and three training studies. It should be noted that limited training studies have directly compared the use of OKC vs CKC knee exercises on the rehabilitation from knee injuries. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to overview the pros and cons related to OKC knee extension exercise verses CKC squat exercise, as both exercise types produce different effects on the knee joint
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-15
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Australian Strength and Conditioning
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Knee Injuries
Knee
Exercise
Rehabilitation
Literature
Exercise Therapy
Legal Liability
Knee Joint
Athletes
Prescriptions
Leg

Cite this

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Open chain knee extension exercise compared to closed chain squat exercise : which is more likely to contribute to knee injuries. / Bird, Stephen; Bulkeley, Paul.

In: Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2010, p. 12-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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