Participatory action research: Communicative action and the public sphere

Stephen Kemmis, Robin McTaggart

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter


Our aim in this chapter is to develop the view of participatory action research that has shaped our own theory and practice in recent years. We begin with a short overview of the evolution of our own thinking and the influence of several generations of action research. In our chapter for the 2nd edition of this Handbook, we identified several key approaches to action research, the sites and settings where they are most frequently used, several criticisms which have been advanced for each, and key sources to explore them (Kemmis and McTaggart, 2000). The approaches identified were a somewhat eclectic mix: participatory research, classroom action research, action learning, action science, soft systems approaches, and industrial action research. We summarise those approaches again here but do not re-iterate our views of them. We acknowledge the influence of each approach on the field and as stimulus to reflection on our own ideas and practices
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Sage handbook of qualitative research , 3rd edition
Place of PublicationThousand Oaks
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Number of pages46
Edition3rd / 23
ISBN (Print)0761927573
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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