Peatlands

Colin Finlayson, G.R. Milton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Peatlands are ecosystems that are characterized by the accumulation of organic matter that is derived from decaying plant material under permanent water saturation. They have been defined to include areas of land with a naturally accumulated layer of peat, formed from carbon-rich dead and decaying plant material under waterlogged and low oxygen conditions, generally seen as comprising at least 30 % dry mass of dead organic material and greater than 30 cm deep. They can develop under a wide range of vegetation types in fresh and saline water, including sphagnum, sedges, reed beds, and shrubs and trees in wet woodland and mangroves. At the ecosystem level, the shape, size, and type of peatlands are determined by the climate and geomorphology as well as the quantity and quality of the water. Peatlands are widespread globally, although there are major gaps in data. many are under threat from drainage and land conversion with loss of biodiversity and valuable ecosystem services. They are important for carbon storage and provide opportunities for the mitigation of climate change.
LanguageEnglish
Title of book or conference publicationThe Wetland Book II
Subtitle of book or conference publicationDistribution, Description and Conservation
Place of PublicationNetherlands
PublisherSpringer
Pages1-18
Number of pages18
Volume2
Edition/Issue9999
ISBN (Print)9789400740020
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2018

Fingerprint

peatland
ecosystem
ecosystem service
water
carbon sequestration
vegetation type
mangrove
geomorphology
peat
woodland
mitigation
shrub
saturation
biodiversity
drainage
organic matter
oxygen
climate change
carbon
climate

Cite this

Finlayson, C., & Milton, G. R. (2018). Peatlands. In The Wetland Book II: Distribution, Description and Conservation (9999 ed., Vol. 2, pp. 1-18). Netherlands: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6173-5_202-1
Finlayson, Colin ; Milton, G.R./ Peatlands. The Wetland Book II: Distribution, Description and Conservation. Vol. 2 9999. ed. Netherlands : Springer, 2018. pp. 1-18
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Finlayson, C & Milton, GR 2018, Peatlands. in The Wetland Book II: Distribution, Description and Conservation. 9999 edn, vol. 2, Springer, Netherlands, pp. 1-18. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6173-5_202-1

Peatlands. / Finlayson, Colin; Milton, G.R.

The Wetland Book II: Distribution, Description and Conservation. Vol. 2 9999. ed. Netherlands : Springer, 2018. p. 1-18.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Peatlands

AU - Finlayson,Colin

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PY - 2018

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N2 - Peatlands are ecosystems that are characterized by the accumulation of organic matter that is derived from decaying plant material under permanent water saturation. They have been defined to include areas of land with a naturally accumulated layer of peat, formed from carbon-rich dead and decaying plant material under waterlogged and low oxygen conditions, generally seen as comprising at least 30 % dry mass of dead organic material and greater than 30 cm deep. They can develop under a wide range of vegetation types in fresh and saline water, including sphagnum, sedges, reed beds, and shrubs and trees in wet woodland and mangroves. At the ecosystem level, the shape, size, and type of peatlands are determined by the climate and geomorphology as well as the quantity and quality of the water. Peatlands are widespread globally, although there are major gaps in data. many are under threat from drainage and land conversion with loss of biodiversity and valuable ecosystem services. They are important for carbon storage and provide opportunities for the mitigation of climate change.

AB - Peatlands are ecosystems that are characterized by the accumulation of organic matter that is derived from decaying plant material under permanent water saturation. They have been defined to include areas of land with a naturally accumulated layer of peat, formed from carbon-rich dead and decaying plant material under waterlogged and low oxygen conditions, generally seen as comprising at least 30 % dry mass of dead organic material and greater than 30 cm deep. They can develop under a wide range of vegetation types in fresh and saline water, including sphagnum, sedges, reed beds, and shrubs and trees in wet woodland and mangroves. At the ecosystem level, the shape, size, and type of peatlands are determined by the climate and geomorphology as well as the quantity and quality of the water. Peatlands are widespread globally, although there are major gaps in data. many are under threat from drainage and land conversion with loss of biodiversity and valuable ecosystem services. They are important for carbon storage and provide opportunities for the mitigation of climate change.

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Finlayson C, Milton GR. Peatlands. In The Wetland Book II: Distribution, Description and Conservation. 9999 ed. Vol. 2. Netherlands: Springer. 2018. p. 1-18. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6173-5_202-1