To explore the effect of pectolytic enzyme application on polysaccharide size and colloidal interactions, rosé wines were prepared from pressed Shiraz grape juice, and red wines were made from the same juice by the addition of skins and seeds from fresh pressings. A pectolytic enzyme preparation containing primarily polygalacturonase and side-activities of arabinase and pectin lyase was used. Enzyme treatment enhanced the contribution of high molecular weight (≈ 200 kDa) polysaccharides rich in mannose and glucose (mannoproteins) and removed arabinose-rich polysaccharides of intermediate (≈ 40 kDa) size. Enzyme application reduced the molecular weight average of a class of smaller polysaccharides of approximately 6 kDa (rhamnogalacturonan II). All wines had similar particle sizes, but enzyme treatment markedly reduced particle concentration in wines, particularly in rosé wines. Wine polysaccharides were purified and when reconstituted in model wine, showed reduced particle concentration in response to enzyme treatment. Aggregation of polysaccharide in the presence of seed tannin was also markedly reduced by enzyme treatment. The results indicated that changes in structure introduced by the enzyme affected wine colloidal properties, potentially increasing polysaccharide solubility.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|Early online date||09 Aug 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Nov 2019|
Kassara, S., Li, S., Smith, P., Blando, F., & Bindon, K. (2019). Pectolytic enzyme reduces the concentration of colloidal particles in wine due to changes in polysaccharide structure and aggregation properties. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 140, 546-555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.08.043