Performance of pilot-scale membrane aerated biofilm reactors integrated with anoxic nano-biotechnological reactor for domestic wastewater treatment

Khin July Win Thant, Anh-Vu Nguyen , Yun-Je Kigo, Kobayashi Masumi , Chettiyappan Visvanathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Membrane-aerated biofilm reactors (MABRs) have aroused increasing attention due to their excellent performance in treating wastewater, where the membranes behave as bio-carriers for microorganisms and bubbleless air diffusers. The MABR technology has not been fully commercialized due to reactor design and low total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency at short hydraulic retention times (HRT). In this study, a hybrid system of MABR 1 integrated with an anoxic nano-biotechnological reactor filled with Granulated Nanoscale Oxyhydroxides of Fe
(GNOF) media was evaluated to assess the improvement in nitrogen removal performance at 12, 10, and 4 h of HRTs. At the same time, another MABR (MABR 2) was operated individually at 12, 10, 8, 6, 4, and 2 h of HRTs to assess the influence of HRT on nitrogen removal performance. An enhancement in removal performance was reported in the hybrid MABR-GNOF, achieving the highest removal efficiencies of 74.3 ± 3.1% for ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N), 69.8 ± 2.1% for total nitrogen (TN), and 90.9 ± 1.7% for chemical oxygen demand (COD), at 12 h HRT. The hybrid MABR-GNOF system attained 18% higher nitrogen removal than the MABR-only system at 12 h of HRT. A simultaneous anoxic nitrification-denitrification and COD oxidation might be developed for the removal of COD, NH4+-N, and TN from domestic wastewater by using GNOF as an electron acceptor in the hybrid MABR-GNOF unit. The findings in this study confirmed the possibility of integration of GNOF and MABR on a pilot scale and are promising for the application of this hybrid system on a full scale.
Original languageEnglish
Article number137927
Number of pages10
JournalChemosphere
Volume319
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

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