Performance of sheep systems grazing perennial pastures. 2. Wool quality and lamb growth

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Abstract

Abstract This study evaluated wool quality and lamb production from four management systems grazing a perennial pasture but using different combinations of lambing time, ram breed, and percentage of summer-active pasture species, between 2006 and 2010. All systems were stocked at a similar mid-winter dry sheep equivalent per hectare (8, 10.2, 13, 11.2 and 11.2 in 2006 to 2010, respectively). The weight, condition score, C fat and eye muscle depth at weaning of both Merino and crossbred lambs were always higher (P<0.05) for lambs born in July compared with those born in September. Similarly, the sale weight of lambs born in July was always higher (P<0.05) than for lambs born in September, partly because these lambs were usually retained for longer before sale. When lambs were born in September, sheep systems which carried larger numbers of ewes/ha at the same mid-winter stocking rate produced similar sale weights of lambs as those with fewer ewes, except where systems with less lambs/ha enabled lambs to be retained for longer in favourable seasons. A larger proportion of lucerne area (40% cf. 20%) only increased lamb sale weights in favourable seasons. Clean fleece weights per ewe and staple strength were similar between systems in most years (2008 to 2010), although mean fibre diameter was lower (P<0.05) in the HL and LL systems. The results indicate that choice of lambing time, ram breed and the flexibility to alter lamb sale date with seasonal conditions, will have a larger impact on the performance of individuals than ewe numbers/ha, where systems are grazed at the same mid-winter stocking rate.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnimal Production Science
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

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Wool
wool
Sheep
lambs
pastures
grazing
Weights and Measures
sheep
Growth
sales
ewes
Medicago sativa
Weaning
lambing
rams
stocking rate
Fats
winter
Muscles
breeds

Cite this

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title = "Performance of sheep systems grazing perennial pastures. 2. Wool quality and lamb growth",
abstract = "Abstract This study evaluated wool quality and lamb production from four management systems grazing a perennial pasture but using different combinations of lambing time, ram breed, and percentage of summer-active pasture species, between 2006 and 2010. All systems were stocked at a similar mid-winter dry sheep equivalent per hectare (8, 10.2, 13, 11.2 and 11.2 in 2006 to 2010, respectively). The weight, condition score, C fat and eye muscle depth at weaning of both Merino and crossbred lambs were always higher (P<0.05) for lambs born in July compared with those born in September. Similarly, the sale weight of lambs born in July was always higher (P<0.05) than for lambs born in September, partly because these lambs were usually retained for longer before sale. When lambs were born in September, sheep systems which carried larger numbers of ewes/ha at the same mid-winter stocking rate produced similar sale weights of lambs as those with fewer ewes, except where systems with less lambs/ha enabled lambs to be retained for longer in favourable seasons. A larger proportion of lucerne area (40{\%} cf. 20{\%}) only increased lamb sale weights in favourable seasons. Clean fleece weights per ewe and staple strength were similar between systems in most years (2008 to 2010), although mean fibre diameter was lower (P<0.05) in the HL and LL systems. The results indicate that choice of lambing time, ram breed and the flexibility to alter lamb sale date with seasonal conditions, will have a larger impact on the performance of individuals than ewe numbers/ha, where systems are grazed at the same mid-winter stocking rate.",
author = "Susan Robertson and Michael Friend",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
journal = "Animal Production Science",
issn = "1836-0939",
publisher = "CSIRO Publishing",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of sheep systems grazing perennial pastures. 2. Wool quality and lamb growth

AU - Robertson, Susan

AU - Friend, Michael

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Abstract This study evaluated wool quality and lamb production from four management systems grazing a perennial pasture but using different combinations of lambing time, ram breed, and percentage of summer-active pasture species, between 2006 and 2010. All systems were stocked at a similar mid-winter dry sheep equivalent per hectare (8, 10.2, 13, 11.2 and 11.2 in 2006 to 2010, respectively). The weight, condition score, C fat and eye muscle depth at weaning of both Merino and crossbred lambs were always higher (P<0.05) for lambs born in July compared with those born in September. Similarly, the sale weight of lambs born in July was always higher (P<0.05) than for lambs born in September, partly because these lambs were usually retained for longer before sale. When lambs were born in September, sheep systems which carried larger numbers of ewes/ha at the same mid-winter stocking rate produced similar sale weights of lambs as those with fewer ewes, except where systems with less lambs/ha enabled lambs to be retained for longer in favourable seasons. A larger proportion of lucerne area (40% cf. 20%) only increased lamb sale weights in favourable seasons. Clean fleece weights per ewe and staple strength were similar between systems in most years (2008 to 2010), although mean fibre diameter was lower (P<0.05) in the HL and LL systems. The results indicate that choice of lambing time, ram breed and the flexibility to alter lamb sale date with seasonal conditions, will have a larger impact on the performance of individuals than ewe numbers/ha, where systems are grazed at the same mid-winter stocking rate.

AB - Abstract This study evaluated wool quality and lamb production from four management systems grazing a perennial pasture but using different combinations of lambing time, ram breed, and percentage of summer-active pasture species, between 2006 and 2010. All systems were stocked at a similar mid-winter dry sheep equivalent per hectare (8, 10.2, 13, 11.2 and 11.2 in 2006 to 2010, respectively). The weight, condition score, C fat and eye muscle depth at weaning of both Merino and crossbred lambs were always higher (P<0.05) for lambs born in July compared with those born in September. Similarly, the sale weight of lambs born in July was always higher (P<0.05) than for lambs born in September, partly because these lambs were usually retained for longer before sale. When lambs were born in September, sheep systems which carried larger numbers of ewes/ha at the same mid-winter stocking rate produced similar sale weights of lambs as those with fewer ewes, except where systems with less lambs/ha enabled lambs to be retained for longer in favourable seasons. A larger proportion of lucerne area (40% cf. 20%) only increased lamb sale weights in favourable seasons. Clean fleece weights per ewe and staple strength were similar between systems in most years (2008 to 2010), although mean fibre diameter was lower (P<0.05) in the HL and LL systems. The results indicate that choice of lambing time, ram breed and the flexibility to alter lamb sale date with seasonal conditions, will have a larger impact on the performance of individuals than ewe numbers/ha, where systems are grazed at the same mid-winter stocking rate.

M3 - Article

JO - Animal Production Science

JF - Animal Production Science

SN - 1836-0939

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