Periodontitis, coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction: treat one, benefit all

Riccardo Nocini, Emmanuel J Favaloro, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Giuseppe Lippi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontal disease is conventionally defined as an inflammatory condition affecting the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth (i.e. gum and periodontium). Recent statistics show that the prevalence of this condition is continuously growing worldwide, thus raising severe healthcare concerns, not only for local problems emerging from poor oral health, but also for the potential risk of developing systemic complications. Therefore, this article aims to provide an update on the intriguing association between periodontitis, coronary heart disease (CHD) and/or myocardial infarction (MI). Taken together, the available published information seems to support the existence of a significant association between periodontitis and CHD, whilst the risk of acute ischemic cardiac events appears magnified in patients with preexisting coronary artery disease. This epidemiological link is supported by reliable biological evidence, showing that periodontal disease may unfavourably modulate the cardiovascular risk, whereby patients with periodontitis have increased frequency of overweight, hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, dyslipidaemia, platelet hyper-reactivity, and may also be characterized by a prothrombotic state. Apart from these critical atherogenic factors, translocation of periodontal microorganisms into the bloodstream, and their further accumulation within atherosclerotic plaques, would contribute to enhance plaque instability and the risk of developing acute ischemic coronary events. Interesting evidence is also emerging that local or systemic statins administration could be beneficial for safeguarding periodontal health, thus enlightening the intriguing relationship existing between CHD and periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-345
Number of pages7
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

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