Persistence through tough times: fixed and shifting refuges in threatened species conservation

April E. Reside, Natalie J. Briscoe, Chris R. Dickman, Aaron C. Greenville, Bronwyn A. Hradsky, Salit Kark, Michael R. Kearney, Alex S. Kutt, Dale G. Nimmo, Chris R. Pavey, John L. Read, Euan G. Ritchie, David Roshier, Anja Skroblin, Zoe Stone, Matt West, Diana O. Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

It may be possible to avert threatened species declines by protecting refuges that promote species persistence during times of stress. To do this, we need to know where refuges are located, and when and which management actions are required to preserve, enhance or replicate them. Here we use a niche-based perspective to characterise refuges that are either fixed or shifting in location over ecological time scales (hours to centuries). We synthesise current knowledge of the role of fixed and shifting refuges, using threatened species examples where possible, and examine their relationships with stressors including drought, fire, introduced species, disease, and their interactions. Refuges often provide greater cover, water, food availability or protection from predators than other areas within the same landscapes. In many cases, landscape features provide refuge, but refuges can also arise through dynamic and shifting species interactions (e.g., mesopredator suppression). Elucidating the mechanisms by which species benefit from refuges can help guide the creation of new or artificial refuges. Importantly, we also need to recognise when refuges alone are insufficient to halt the decline of species, and where more intensive conservation intervention may be required. We argue that understanding the role of ecological refuges is an important part of strategies to stem further global biodiversity loss.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiodiversity and Conservation
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2019

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species conservation
threatened species
refuge
persistence
food availability
food safety
preserves
niches
drought
biodiversity
predators
stems
water
introduced species
niche
predator
timescale

Cite this

Reside, A. E., Briscoe, N. J., Dickman, C. R., Greenville, A. C., Hradsky, B. A., Kark, S., ... Fisher, D. O. (2019). Persistence through tough times: fixed and shifting refuges in threatened species conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-019-01734-7
Reside, April E. ; Briscoe, Natalie J. ; Dickman, Chris R. ; Greenville, Aaron C. ; Hradsky, Bronwyn A. ; Kark, Salit ; Kearney, Michael R. ; Kutt, Alex S. ; Nimmo, Dale G. ; Pavey, Chris R. ; Read, John L. ; Ritchie, Euan G. ; Roshier, David ; Skroblin, Anja ; Stone, Zoe ; West, Matt ; Fisher, Diana O. / Persistence through tough times : fixed and shifting refuges in threatened species conservation. In: Biodiversity and Conservation. 2019.
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abstract = "It may be possible to avert threatened species declines by protecting refuges that promote species persistence during times of stress. To do this, we need to know where refuges are located, and when and which management actions are required to preserve, enhance or replicate them. Here we use a niche-based perspective to characterise refuges that are either fixed or shifting in location over ecological time scales (hours to centuries). We synthesise current knowledge of the role of fixed and shifting refuges, using threatened species examples where possible, and examine their relationships with stressors including drought, fire, introduced species, disease, and their interactions. Refuges often provide greater cover, water, food availability or protection from predators than other areas within the same landscapes. In many cases, landscape features provide refuge, but refuges can also arise through dynamic and shifting species interactions (e.g., mesopredator suppression). Elucidating the mechanisms by which species benefit from refuges can help guide the creation of new or artificial refuges. Importantly, we also need to recognise when refuges alone are insufficient to halt the decline of species, and where more intensive conservation intervention may be required. We argue that understanding the role of ecological refuges is an important part of strategies to stem further global biodiversity loss.",
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author = "Reside, {April E.} and Briscoe, {Natalie J.} and Dickman, {Chris R.} and Greenville, {Aaron C.} and Hradsky, {Bronwyn A.} and Salit Kark and Kearney, {Michael R.} and Kutt, {Alex S.} and Nimmo, {Dale G.} and Pavey, {Chris R.} and Read, {John L.} and Ritchie, {Euan G.} and David Roshier and Anja Skroblin and Zoe Stone and Matt West and Fisher, {Diana O.}",
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Reside, AE, Briscoe, NJ, Dickman, CR, Greenville, AC, Hradsky, BA, Kark, S, Kearney, MR, Kutt, AS, Nimmo, DG, Pavey, CR, Read, JL, Ritchie, EG, Roshier, D, Skroblin, A, Stone, Z, West, M & Fisher, DO 2019, 'Persistence through tough times: fixed and shifting refuges in threatened species conservation' Biodiversity and Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-019-01734-7

Persistence through tough times : fixed and shifting refuges in threatened species conservation. / Reside, April E.; Briscoe, Natalie J.; Dickman, Chris R.; Greenville, Aaron C.; Hradsky, Bronwyn A.; Kark, Salit; Kearney, Michael R.; Kutt, Alex S.; Nimmo, Dale G.; Pavey, Chris R.; Read, John L.; Ritchie, Euan G.; Roshier, David; Skroblin, Anja; Stone, Zoe; West, Matt; Fisher, Diana O.

In: Biodiversity and Conservation, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Persistence through tough times

T2 - fixed and shifting refuges in threatened species conservation

AU - Reside, April E.

AU - Briscoe, Natalie J.

AU - Dickman, Chris R.

AU - Greenville, Aaron C.

AU - Hradsky, Bronwyn A.

AU - Kark, Salit

AU - Kearney, Michael R.

AU - Kutt, Alex S.

AU - Nimmo, Dale G.

AU - Pavey, Chris R.

AU - Read, John L.

AU - Ritchie, Euan G.

AU - Roshier, David

AU - Skroblin, Anja

AU - Stone, Zoe

AU - West, Matt

AU - Fisher, Diana O.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - It may be possible to avert threatened species declines by protecting refuges that promote species persistence during times of stress. To do this, we need to know where refuges are located, and when and which management actions are required to preserve, enhance or replicate them. Here we use a niche-based perspective to characterise refuges that are either fixed or shifting in location over ecological time scales (hours to centuries). We synthesise current knowledge of the role of fixed and shifting refuges, using threatened species examples where possible, and examine their relationships with stressors including drought, fire, introduced species, disease, and their interactions. Refuges often provide greater cover, water, food availability or protection from predators than other areas within the same landscapes. In many cases, landscape features provide refuge, but refuges can also arise through dynamic and shifting species interactions (e.g., mesopredator suppression). Elucidating the mechanisms by which species benefit from refuges can help guide the creation of new or artificial refuges. Importantly, we also need to recognise when refuges alone are insufficient to halt the decline of species, and where more intensive conservation intervention may be required. We argue that understanding the role of ecological refuges is an important part of strategies to stem further global biodiversity loss.

AB - It may be possible to avert threatened species declines by protecting refuges that promote species persistence during times of stress. To do this, we need to know where refuges are located, and when and which management actions are required to preserve, enhance or replicate them. Here we use a niche-based perspective to characterise refuges that are either fixed or shifting in location over ecological time scales (hours to centuries). We synthesise current knowledge of the role of fixed and shifting refuges, using threatened species examples where possible, and examine their relationships with stressors including drought, fire, introduced species, disease, and their interactions. Refuges often provide greater cover, water, food availability or protection from predators than other areas within the same landscapes. In many cases, landscape features provide refuge, but refuges can also arise through dynamic and shifting species interactions (e.g., mesopredator suppression). Elucidating the mechanisms by which species benefit from refuges can help guide the creation of new or artificial refuges. Importantly, we also need to recognise when refuges alone are insufficient to halt the decline of species, and where more intensive conservation intervention may be required. We argue that understanding the role of ecological refuges is an important part of strategies to stem further global biodiversity loss.

KW - Biodiversity conservation

KW - Endangered species

KW - Fire

KW - Niche

KW - Predators

KW - Press, pulse and ramp stressors

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