Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of 2 registered omeprazole preparations and varying dose rates in horses

Jessica C. Wise, Kristopher J. Hughes, Scott Edwards, Glenn A. Jacobson, Christian K. Narkowicz, Sharanne L. Raidal

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Omeprazole preparations vary in bioavailability in horses.


To characterize the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of an existing enteric-coated oral omeprazole paste (REF) and a novel, in-feed, enteric-coated dry granule preparation (NOV).


Twelve Standardbred/Thoroughbred mares free from clinical disease.


A prospective, blinded randomized interventional study was trial, conducted in 3 parts: (a) bioavailability study, (b) dose titration study, and (c) comparative clinical pharmacodynamic study, each using a blocked crossover design.


Consistent with the larger dose administered, Cmax (median, 1032 ng/mL; range, 576-1766) and AUC0-24 (median, 63.9 μg/mL*min; range, 42.4-152.4) were greater after single oral administration of NOV than REF (282.7 ng/mL; range, 94.8-390.2, and 319 23.8 μg/mL*min; range, 8.2-42.3, respectively; both P = .004). No differences were observed between products for absolute oral bioavailability (NOV 55% range, 15-88; REF 17% range, 10-77; P = .25). Treatment with both preparations was associated with reduced gastric squamous ulcer scores and increased pH of gastric fluid. Bioequivalence was demonstrated for pharmacodynamic measures with the exception of % time pH <4, despite differences in dose rate and subsequent plasma omeprazole concentrations.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance

The findings of this study indicate that the NOV product would be a suitable alternative to the reference product, and confirm that plasma concentrations of omeprazole and omeprazole dose do not predict drug pharmacodynamics in horses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-631
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2021


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