Pharmacokinetics of pergolide mesylate in horses

Research output: Other contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Aims: Pergolide mesylate is the treatment of choice for equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) and veterinary preparations are now licensed for this use in a number of countries. Pharmacokinetic properties of the drug have not been established completely in horses and current dosing recommendations are based upon clinical experience. This stud yaimed to establish the pharmacokinetic properties of the drug following intravenous administration.Methods: Eight healthy Thoroughbred or Standardbred geldings were administered 0.02 mg/kg bwt pergolide mesylate via an intravenous jugular catheter. Blood samples were collected over a period of 48 h froma catheter in the contralateral jugular vein for determination of plasma pergolide concentrations. Pergolide concentrations in plasma were determined using a high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry assay. Maximum concentration of pergolide was determined directly from the data. Other pharmacokinetic parameters were determined for each horse by use of noncompartmental analysis with a commercial software program. Area under the curve was calculated by the linear trapezoidal rule. The terminal elimination rate constantand terminal half-life were calculated by means of log-linear regression.Initial volume of distribution, mean residence time, and clearance werecalculated using standard noncompartmental formulae.Results: See Table 1.

Table 1: Results

Mean (± s.d.)Maximum concentration (Cmax) 14.90 ± 5.02Terminal elimination rate constant (λ)(h−1) 0.14 ± 0.06 Terminal half-life (h) 5.80 ± 2.26 Area under the curve 0-∞ (ng*h/ml) 18.63 ± 7.30 Mean residence time (h) 6.30 ± 2.43 Clearance (ml/h/kg bwt) 964.30 ± 460.95 Initial volume of distribution (l/kg bwt) 1.13 ± 0.39

Conclusions: Volume of distribution and half-life for pergolide in horses are shorter than reported previously. There is no rationale for administering a loading dose of pergolide mesylate; however, based on its pharmacokinetic properties twice daily dosing with pergolide mesylate may be more appropriate than once daily dosing.Ethical animal research: Approved by the Animal Care and Ethics Committee, Charles Sturt University.
Original languageEnglish
Pages19-19
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event52nd British Equine Veterinary Association Congress - Manchester, United Kingdom
Duration: 11 Sep 201314 Sep 2013

Conference

Conference52nd British Equine Veterinary Association Congress
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityManchester
Period11/09/1314/09/13

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    Rendle, D., Hughes, K., Doran, G., & Edwards, S. (2013). Pharmacokinetics of pergolide mesylate in horses. 19-19. Abstract from 52nd British Equine Veterinary Association Congress, Manchester, United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1111/evj.12145_47