Photosensitivity of Dispersing Cryptic Date Stone Beetles Coccotrypes dactyliperda (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Scolytinae)—A Pilot Study

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Abstract

The date stone beetle, Coccotrypes dactyliperda, is a cryptic spermatophagus species that spends almost its entire life cycle inside the seeds of palms, esp. Phoenix sp. Only during dispersal, when the host seed has been largely eaten out, do females emerge for a short period of time in search of a fresh seed in which to establish new brood galleries. Previous work indicated that C. dactyliperda might be photophobic, preferring to emerge from seeds during night hours, whereas anecdotal evidence suggested that the beetles might be photophilic in terms of their movements post emergence. This paper examines the photosensitivity of the species under controlled laboratory conditions. The results show that C. dactyliperda, once removed from the brood chamber, is attracted by and moves faster to a light source, but that the color of the lit surface (red, blue, green, black) has no influence on either direction or crawl speed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number851
JournalInsects
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

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