Physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of sorghum starch altered by high hydrostatic pressure

Hang Liu, Huanhuan Fan, Rong Cao, Christopher Blanchard, Min Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A nonthermal processing technology, high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment, was investigated to assess its influence on the physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of sorghum starch (SS). There was no change in the ‘A’-type crystalline pattern of SS after the pressure treatments at 120–480 MPa. However, treatment at 600 MPa produced a pattern similar to ‘B’-type crystalline. HHP treatment also resulted in SS granules with rough surfaces. Measured amylose content, water absorption capacity, alkaline water retention, pasting temperature and thermostability increased with increasing pressure levels, while the oil absorption capacity, swelling power, relative crystallinity and viscosity decreased. Compared with native starch, HHP-modified SS samples had lower in vitro hydrolysis, reduced amount of rapidly digestible starch, as well as increased levels of slowly digestible starch and resistant starch. These results indicate that HHP treatment is an effective modification method for altering in vitro digestibility and physicochemical properties of SS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-760
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume92
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2016

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