The phytopathogen Rhynchosporium alismatis occurring on Alisma, Sagittaria and other genera in the Alismataceae is under investigation as a mycoherbicide for alismataceous weeds in Australian rice crops. The type species of Rhynchosporium, R. secalis belongs in the Helotiales while the phylogenetic relationships of R. alismatis were unknown. To identify fungi related to R. alismatis the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the ribosomal DNA (ITS1, 5.8S rRNA gene, ITS2) of 56 isolates was sequenced and compared to those available in databases. Analysis of ITS sequences revealed close relationships between R. alismatis and the teleomorph genus Plectosphaerella as well as several anamorphic fungi which were primarily species of Verticillium. Rhynchosporium alismatis and Plectosphaerella cucumerina clustered together with 98% bootstrap support. Morphological comparisons supported this relationship indicating that R. alismatis and the anamorphic genus Plectosporium are congeneric. Rhynchosporium alismatis is transferred to Plectosporium a name proposed for conservation.
Pitt, W., Goodwin, S. B., Ash, G., Cother, N. J., & Cother, E. J. (2004). Plectosporium alismatis comb. nov. a new placement for the Alismataceae pathogen Rhynchosporium alismatis. Fungal Biology, 108(7), 775-780. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0953756204000541