Polysyllable productions in preschool children with speech sound disorders

Error categories and the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity

Sarah Masso, Sharynne McLeod, Elise Baker, Jane McCormack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: Children with speech sound disorders (SSD) find polysyllables difficult; however, routine sampling and measurement of speech accuracy are insufficient to describe polysyllable accuracy and maturity. This study had two aims: (1) compare two speech production tasks and (2) describe polysyllable errors within the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.Method: Ninety-three preschool children with SSD from the Sound Start Study (4;0'5;5 years) completed the Polysyllable Preschool Test (POP) and the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP-Phonology).Result: Vowel accuracy was significantly different between the POP and the DEAP-Phonology. Polysyllables were analysed using the seven Word-level Analysis of Polysyllables (WAP) error categories: (1) substitution of consonants or vowels (97.8% of children demonstrated common use), (2) deletion of syllables, consonants or vowels (65.6%), (3) distortion of consonants or vowels (0.0%), (4) addition of consonants or vowels (0.0%), (5) alteration of phonotactics (77.4%), (6) alteration of timing (63.4%) and (7) assimilation or alteration of sequence (0.0%). The Framework of Polysyllable Maturity described five levels of maturity based on children's errors.Conclusions: Polysyllable productions of preschool children with SSD can be analysed and categorised using the WAP and interpreted using the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-287
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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Preschool Children
Routine Diagnostic Tests
Speech Sound Disorder
Polysyllables
Category Error
Preschool children
Speech Sound Disorders
Maturity

Grant Number

  • DP130102545

Cite this

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title = "Polysyllable productions in preschool children with speech sound disorders: Error categories and the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity",
abstract = "Purpose: Children with speech sound disorders (SSD) find polysyllables difficult; however, routine sampling and measurement of speech accuracy are insufficient to describe polysyllable accuracy and maturity. This study had two aims: (1) compare two speech production tasks and (2) describe polysyllable errors within the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.Method: Ninety-three preschool children with SSD from the Sound Start Study (4;0'5;5 years) completed the Polysyllable Preschool Test (POP) and the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP-Phonology).Result: Vowel accuracy was significantly different between the POP and the DEAP-Phonology. Polysyllables were analysed using the seven Word-level Analysis of Polysyllables (WAP) error categories: (1) substitution of consonants or vowels (97.8{\%} of children demonstrated common use), (2) deletion of syllables, consonants or vowels (65.6{\%}), (3) distortion of consonants or vowels (0.0{\%}), (4) addition of consonants or vowels (0.0{\%}), (5) alteration of phonotactics (77.4{\%}), (6) alteration of timing (63.4{\%}) and (7) assimilation or alteration of sequence (0.0{\%}). The Framework of Polysyllable Maturity described five levels of maturity based on children's errors.Conclusions: Polysyllable productions of preschool children with SSD can be analysed and categorised using the WAP and interpreted using the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.",
keywords = "Open access version available, Speech sound disorders, speech impairment, phonology, assessment, polysyllables, multisyllables, children, children's speech",
author = "Sarah Masso and Sharynne McLeod and Elise Baker and Jane McCormack",
note = "Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = April; Journal title (773t) = International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. ISSNs: 1754-9515;",
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pages = "272--287",
journal = "Advances in Speech Language Pathology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Polysyllable productions in preschool children with speech sound disorders

T2 - Error categories and the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity

AU - Masso, Sarah

AU - McLeod, Sharynne

AU - Baker, Elise

AU - McCormack, Jane

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = April; Journal title (773t) = International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. ISSNs: 1754-9515;

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - Purpose: Children with speech sound disorders (SSD) find polysyllables difficult; however, routine sampling and measurement of speech accuracy are insufficient to describe polysyllable accuracy and maturity. This study had two aims: (1) compare two speech production tasks and (2) describe polysyllable errors within the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.Method: Ninety-three preschool children with SSD from the Sound Start Study (4;0'5;5 years) completed the Polysyllable Preschool Test (POP) and the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP-Phonology).Result: Vowel accuracy was significantly different between the POP and the DEAP-Phonology. Polysyllables were analysed using the seven Word-level Analysis of Polysyllables (WAP) error categories: (1) substitution of consonants or vowels (97.8% of children demonstrated common use), (2) deletion of syllables, consonants or vowels (65.6%), (3) distortion of consonants or vowels (0.0%), (4) addition of consonants or vowels (0.0%), (5) alteration of phonotactics (77.4%), (6) alteration of timing (63.4%) and (7) assimilation or alteration of sequence (0.0%). The Framework of Polysyllable Maturity described five levels of maturity based on children's errors.Conclusions: Polysyllable productions of preschool children with SSD can be analysed and categorised using the WAP and interpreted using the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.

AB - Purpose: Children with speech sound disorders (SSD) find polysyllables difficult; however, routine sampling and measurement of speech accuracy are insufficient to describe polysyllable accuracy and maturity. This study had two aims: (1) compare two speech production tasks and (2) describe polysyllable errors within the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.Method: Ninety-three preschool children with SSD from the Sound Start Study (4;0'5;5 years) completed the Polysyllable Preschool Test (POP) and the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP-Phonology).Result: Vowel accuracy was significantly different between the POP and the DEAP-Phonology. Polysyllables were analysed using the seven Word-level Analysis of Polysyllables (WAP) error categories: (1) substitution of consonants or vowels (97.8% of children demonstrated common use), (2) deletion of syllables, consonants or vowels (65.6%), (3) distortion of consonants or vowels (0.0%), (4) addition of consonants or vowels (0.0%), (5) alteration of phonotactics (77.4%), (6) alteration of timing (63.4%) and (7) assimilation or alteration of sequence (0.0%). The Framework of Polysyllable Maturity described five levels of maturity based on children's errors.Conclusions: Polysyllable productions of preschool children with SSD can be analysed and categorised using the WAP and interpreted using the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity.

KW - Open access version available

KW - Speech sound disorders, speech impairment, phonology, assessment, polysyllables, multisyllables, children, children's speech

U2 - 10.3109/17549507.2016.1168483

DO - 10.3109/17549507.2016.1168483

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 272

EP - 287

JO - Advances in Speech Language Pathology

JF - Advances in Speech Language Pathology

SN - 1441-7049

IS - 3

ER -