Post-disaster social reconstruction and social development

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Abstract

The Asia-Pacific region has experienced major disasters, both natural and human-made, in the recent past. Hundreds of families and communities, and several governments, non-government organisations, international organisations and aid agencies have been engaged in relief, rebuilding and rehabilitation activities with varying degrees of effectiveness and success. This article aims to reflect on some of these post-disaster reconstruction experiences; explore how a social development approach can be employed for the post-disaster social reconstruction; and suggest regional social policies and strategies for multi-stakeholder cooperation to effectively address post-disaster issues at the local level. Although efforts made by several agencies in very challenging contexts are commendable, there are few examples to show the application of the social development approach. By discussing the social development approach, the paper argues that the conscious use of such an approach facilitates a better planning and preparation for anticipated disasters, rehabilitation processes and the comprehensive development of disaster affected areas, including environmental and psychosocial issues. Towards this end, it underscores the role of regional social policies and multi-stakeholder cooperation. The discussion has implications for local and international communities, which are engaged in pre planning and preparation for disasters and post-disaster reconstruction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-60
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironment and Social Psychology
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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