Poverty, Inequity and Civil War in Nepal: Causes, Effects and Reconstructions Strategies

Kishor Sharma

    Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter

    Abstract

    The failure to redistribute gains of economic growth has been the net cause of civil war that erupted in Nepal in 1995. Bias in favour of urban-based growth attracted resources away from rural areas where 86% of the population live. This resulted in a fall in agricultural productivity and exports. This, together with the lack of alternative employment opportunities and poor governance significantly increased poverty and inequality in both political and economic dimensions. This unequal growth pattern forced disadvantaged young people from the rural and remote areas to join radical left wing forces (known as Maoists) to fight against the political system and economic policy, leading to the eruption of civil war in the mid 1990s. The war has done significant damaged to institutions, infrastructure and productive capacity of the country, which needs to be reconstructed and revived as soon as possible to reduce human suffering.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPoverty, poverty alleviation, and social disadvantage
    Subtitle of host publicationanalysis, case studies, and policies
    EditorsClem Tisdell
    Place of PublicationNew Delhi, India
    PublisherSerials Publications
    Pages663-671
    Number of pages9
    Volume2
    Edition40 ( Part-4)
    ISBN (Print)9788183871112
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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