Summary: Successful liposomal-mediated gene therapy is often limited by poor transfection efficiencies. One method previously shown to increase the efficiency of liposomal gene delivery is through the administration of a non-therapeutic dose of the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin prior to lipofection. The currents study aims to utilise this method to deliver lipoplexes containing the p53 tumour suppressor gene with the aim of increasing therapeutic effect of the p53 gene on a solid tumour in vivo. Rats, implanted with solid salivary adenocarcinomas, were pre-treated with a low dose of cisplatin seven days prior to liposomal mediated p53 treatment. Following treatment with p53, tumour growth, p53 expression and levels of apoptosis were examined and compared to animals treated with p53 without cisplatin pre-treatment and a saline control. Tumours that had been pre-treated with cisplatin prior to p53-lipofection were significantly smaller than both the saline control and the non-cisplatin treated tumours. Saline treated tumours increased in size by an average of 164% over a 96-hour period compared to 64% and 101% for the cisplatin and non-cisplatin p53-liposome treated tumours. The cisplatin pre-treated tumours resulted in significantly higher levels of apoptosis surrounding the treatment site and exhibited prolonged p53 expression when compared to the non-cisplatin pre-treated tumours. The results suggest that the use of cisplatin to pre-sensitise tumours to lipofection has significant benefits when used in conjunction with p53.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|