Preanalytical issues in hemostasis and thrombosis testing

Giuseppe Lippi, Emmanuel J Favaloro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hemostasis testing is critical to many hemorrhagic and thrombotic disorders, wherein laboratory diagnostics can provide critical information for diagnosis, prognostication, and therapeutic monitoring. Due to this crucial role in modern medicine, hemostasis tests should be carried out at their highest degree of quality, thus encompassing standardization and monitoring of all phases of the testing process. It is now clearly established that the preanalytical phase is the most critical and vulnerable part of the total testing process, since up to 70% of diagnostic errors are due to highly manual activities encompassing patient preparation and collection of biological samples, as well as handling, transportation, preparation and storage of blood specimens. Due to the peculiar sample matrix required for hemostasis testing (i.e., plasma anticoagulated with buffered sodium citrate), additional critical issues may impair the reliability of these tests. Therefore, this article aims to provide an updated overview of the most important preanalytical variables that may ultimately impair the quality of hemostasis and thrombosis testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-42
Number of pages14
JournalMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1646
Early online date14 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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