Prediabetes and cardiovascular complications study: Highlights on gestational diabetes, self-management and primary health care

Uba Nwose, Phillip Bwititi, Otovwe Agofure, Echinei Jacob Oshionwu,, Ekenechukwu Esther Young, Eferhire Aganbi, Solomon Ekwuweokwuenu Egwenu, Helen Egoyibo Chime, Fortunatus Darius Gbeinbo, Alex Odufu, John Nwakaego Okuzor, Azuka Okuleye, Kennedy Aninze, Innocent Chuks Onyia, Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu, Eunice Obiajuru Igumbor, Ifeoma Isabel Ulasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

International collaboration on the prediabetes and cardiovascular complications study started in 2013. In 2017, a reflection was reported. Incompleteness of documentation and screening of antenatal cases for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was concerning. Hence, further observations have been made that warrant an update. The objective of this review is to highlight gaps between clinical knowledge and practice in GDM, diabetes self-management and primary health care (PHC) for rural dwellers. We followed a descriptive field notes method. Antenatal records of patients screened for GDM with incomplete documentation were examined to determine incompleteness of data in those that also met the criteria for GDM risk assessment. Experiences on development of a diabetes register and education and notes on behavioural change wheel were also reviewed. Other data included cross-sectional evaluation of activities of daily living at two private hospitals. Up to 29% had high GDM risk factors, which fulfilled selection criteria for laboratory screening. Demographic data was complete in all women; however, incomplete documentation was observed with as much as 98% of basic data. High levels of physical activity were found in the population, and health lectures proved effective in food choices. The workforce need for diabetes care seems underestimated, but this may be better understood with reactivation of PHC services. The observations highlight behavioural change wheel issues on GDM and PHC services that need concerted focus. Two proposals are to advance the use of a ‘risk assessment and screening sheet’ for GDM screening and enlightenment of stakeholders on the central hub role of PHC in diabetes management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-556
Number of pages14
JournalWorld Journal of Meta-Analysis
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2021

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