Prediction of starch reserves in intact and ground grapevine cane wood tissues using near‐infrared reflectance spectroscopy

Joanna E. Jones, Alieta Eyles, Caroline Claye, Thomas Rodemann, Robert Dambergs, Dugald Close

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3 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) technology can be a powerful analytical technique for the assessment of plant starch, but generally samples need to be freeze-dried and ground. This study investigated the feasibility of using NIRS technology to quantify starch concentration in ground and intact grapevine cane wood samples (with or without the bark layer). A partial least squares regression was used on the sample spectral data and was compared against starch analysis using a conventional wet chemistry method.
RESULTS: Accurate calibration models were obtained for the ground cane wood samples (n = 220), one based on 17 factors
(R2 = 0.88, root mean square error of validation (RMSEV) of 0.73 mg g−1) and the other based on 10 factors (R2 = 0.85, RMSEV of 0.80 mg g−1). In contrast, the prediction of starch within intact cane wood samples was very low (R2 = 0.19). Removal of the cane bark tissues did not substantially improve the accuracy of the model (R2 = 0.34). Despite these poor correlations and low ratio of prediction to deviation values of 1.08–1.24, the root mean square error of cross-validation (RMSECV) values were
0.75–0.86 mg g−1, indicating good predictability of the model.
CONCLUSIONS: As indicated by low RMSECV values, NIRS technology has the potential to monitor grapevine starch reserves in intact cane wood samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2418-2424
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Issue number6
Early online date09 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


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