Prevalence and Determinants of Chronic Malnutrition Among Under-5 Children in Ethiopia

Berihun Megabiaw, Azizur Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper studied the prevalence and determinants of chronic malnutrition in under-5 children from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey dataset. Methods: The 2011 EDHS collected data on the nutritional status of children by measuring the height and weight of all children under age five in the sampled households, and calculated anthropometric indicators using the new WHO (2006) growth standards.Children whose height-for-age Z-score was below minus two standard deviations (âˆÂ'2 SD) from the median of the WHO reference population are considered stunted or chronically malnourished and if Z-scores are between âˆÂ'3 SD ≤ Z-score < âˆÂ'2 SD were identified as moderately stunted and if below âˆÂ'3 SD as severely stunted. Some variables were computed by combining information for original variables. The 2011 Ethiopian DHS dataset was obtained for further analysis from MEASURE DHS after permission. Complete anthropometric data for 9,611 children aged 0 to 59 months were analyzed. Results: The overall prevalence of stunting in children was 42.3%, with 20.4% severely stunted. Socio-demographic factors were significantly associated with both severe and moderate forms of stunting. Multivariate analysis showed that parents' education, household wealth index, age of household head, child's age, months of breast-feeding, place of delivery, media exposure, mother's BMI and residential differentials were the underlining determinants of stunting. Conclusions: Chronic malnutrition in children is a public health problem in Ethiopia specifically as children grow older to age three. To achieve the Millennium Development Goal target of 34% malnutrition prevalence by 2015, it is imperative to have specific interventions focusing on causes that directly influence stunting in children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-236
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Child Health and Nutrition
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and Determinants of Chronic Malnutrition Among Under-5 Children in Ethiopia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this