Prevalence and risk factors of physical and psychological health among readymade garment workers in Bangladesh

Humayun Kabir, Navjot Bhullar, Md Shahidul Islam, Kim Usher, Md Ershadul Haque, Myfanwy Maple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. Poor health outcomes of Bangladeshi readymade garment (RMG) workers tend to be associated with a variety of occupational factors. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of, and risk factors associated with, the physical and psychological health outcomes of Bangladeshi RMG workers. Methods. Responses to a cross-sectional survey from a convenience sample of 411 adult Bangladeshi RMG workers (mean age = 26.24 years; SD 6.40 years; female = 80%) were analysed using bivariate and multivariate (logistic regression models) analyses. Results. More than half of the participants reported headaches (61.6%) and colds/flu (51.3%), followed by fever (37.2%), diarrhoea (32.8%), bodily pain (29.9%) and respiratory infections (20.9%). For psychological health, stress (69.1%), anxiety (66.2%) and boredom (64.5%) were most prevalent, followed by sleeplessness (51.3%), depression (48.2%) and fear (34.3%). RMG workers from the factories located in Chattogram (a peripheral region compared to Dhaka) reported poorer physical and psychological health outcomes than those working in factories in Dhaka (the capital city of Bangladesh). Overall, compared to males, female RMG workers were more likely to be vulnerable to both physical and psychological health outcomes. Conclusion. Improvement in workplace conditions and safety programmes is needed to safeguard the overall health outcomes of Bangladeshi RMG workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1572-1583
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and risk factors of physical and psychological health among readymade garment workers in Bangladesh'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this