Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Delta State of Nigeria: Evaluation of the early infant diagnosis program

Judith A. Ibobo, Helen Chime, E. U. Nwose

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Abstract

Background: The global public health issue of Mother-to-Child Transmission (MTCT) of HIV is being addressed with Prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) strategy. A narrative review has recently been published. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine from an early infant diagnosis program in Delta State if there is reduction in MTCT of HIV. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Three health institutions comprising of one from each of the three senatorial district in Delta State were used for the study. The records of 1080 prenatally exposed babies that had DNA PCR tests between 6 weeks to 18 months were evaluated descriptively. Data mining was from the period of August 2009 to December, 2016. Child followup register was reviewed for information that included, age the child had PCR done, commencement of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) at birth, if mother was on ART, result of PCR and test done at 18 months. Results: 98.0% of HIV positive mothers were on ART during pregnancy, 98.9% of the infants were on ART at birth, and 93.1% were exclusively breast fed. The outcome of the PMTCT program obtained shows that compared to 100% effectiveness among infants who were compulsorily treated on the basis of their mothers being on treatment, there is 89% efficiency among those who either themselves or their mothers received treatment; but only 17% efficiency was achieved where neither mother nor child is receiving treatment. Conclusion: This study shows that with effective PMTCT intervention, reducing MTCT of HIV is being achieved by the public health service
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Health Science Research
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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