Pulses are a food of global significance due to their high protein and dietary fiber content. Pulse consumption is below recommended levels in developed countries and is also declining in developing nations. Pulse flakes are currently only present in the ready-to-eat (RTE) market as niche products, but could be a means of increasing pulse consumption if the challenges of their structural weakness, “unpleasant” flavors and long cooking times can be overcome. We analyzed the influence of processing conditions on the flaking properties of Australian chickpea and faba bean splits using a pilot scale flaking line and the physicochemical properties of the flakes produced from these processes. Chickpea or faba bean splits were first precooked for six minutes with different steam injection times (one, three or five minutes). The precooked splits were then passed through a roller flaker with different roller gaps ranging from 0.6 - 1.9 mm and the pulse flakes were finally dried using a fluidized bed drier at either 150°C or 200°C. The hard-brittle splits, through the heating and live steam injection, transitioned to a rubbery state that were flaked successfully. Moisture content and hydration properties were determined gravimetrically and differential scanning calorimetry was used to evaluate the degree of starch gelatinization and protein denaturation. Flake hardness was evaluated using a texture analyzer and flake structures investigated using scanning electron microscopy. Starch gelatinization increased with steaming time, while protein denaturation was not significantly affected. Cellular structures were conserved in the flakes produced. Flake hardness was negatively correlated to steaming time. Successful production of chickpea and faba bean flakes offers opportunities for the production of healthy, high-protein high-fiber RTE foods.
|Publication status||Published - 22 Oct 2018|
|Event||Cereals and Grains 2018: AACCI2018 - Hilton London Metropole , London, United Kingdom|
Duration: 21 Oct 2018 → 23 Oct 2018
|Conference||Cereals and Grains 2018|
|Period||21/10/18 → 23/10/18|
|Other||Cereals & Grains 18 is the place to learn, collaborate, and innovate with the best and the brightest in the grain-based foods industry! This targeted event draws a world-wide audience from industry, academia, and government each year.|