Production and reproduction performance of nili-ravi buffaloes under field conditions of Pakistan

Hassan Warriach, David McGill, R.D. Bush, Peter Wynn

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Abstract

The objective of the longitudinal study was to evaluate the production and reproductive performance of buffalo on smallholderdairy farms in Pakistan. The data were collected from 207 farms located in the districts of Okara and Bhakkar.Milk production and reproductive parameters were recorded on a weekly basis by trained extension workers inspecifically designed herd books for 18 months from November 2007. Preliminary, results indicate that the average milkproduction per lactation was higher (P<0.05) in buffaloes (1226.63±43.50 lit) than in cows (1027.04 ± 44.88 lit). Thepercentage of oestrus detection, A.I, natural service and pregnancy rate for buffaloes were (0.38%, 7.29%, 19.17%,78%), respectively, during the whole year. We conclude that neither the Nili-Ravi buffalo nor cows are attaining theirpotential for milk production. The low reproductive efficiency of these animals is mostly likely related to both the poortechnical acumen and the nutritional status of animals. Provision of appropriate extension services for these farmers willimprove the productive and reproductive performance of buffaloes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-124
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Animal and Plant Sciences
Volume22
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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