The persistence and productivity of 5 annual pasture legume species: French serradella (Ornithopus sativus Brot) cv. Cadiz; rose clover (Trifolium hirtum All.) cv. Hykon; balansa clover (T. michelianum Savi) cv. Frontier; gland clover (T. glanduliferum) cv. Prima) and subterranean clover (T. subterraneum L.), grown in monocultures or as binary mixtures with subterranean clover cv. Nungarin, were examined on an acid soil (pH 4.7) in the low rainfall wheat belt of south-eastern Australia over a 3-year period of continuous pasture.