Profiles of psychological well-being in a sample of Australian university students

Navjot Bhullar, Donald W. Hine, Wendy J. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study identified psychological well-being profiles in a sample of Australian university students (N=207, Mean age=30.16years; SD=11.90). Respondents completed two measures: Ryff's (1989) Psychological Well-Being (PWB) scale and Lovibond and Lovibond's (2002) Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) assessing their levels of PWB and depression. Latent profile analysis was applied to six indices of positive functioning derived from PWB scale: self-acceptance, purpose in life, environmental mastery, positive relations with others, personal growth and autonomy. An optimal 5-profile solution, reflecting significant incremental shifts from very low to very high PWB, was interpreted. As predicted, profile membership distinguished participants on depression. Importantly, profiles indicating moderate to very high PWB, particularly with the presence of above average autonomy, reported significantly lower levels of depression. Our results suggest prevention of, and treatment efficacy for, mental health problems may be improved by incorporating strategies that address positive functioning attributes, particularly associated with a sense of autonomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-294
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

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