Pyramidal neurones in macaque visual cortex: interareal; phenotypic variation of dendritic branching patterns

Herbert Jelinek, Guy Elston

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Abstract

The basal dendritic arbors of over 500-layer III pyramidal neurones of the macaque cortex were compared by fractal analyses, which provides a measure of the space filling (or branching pattern) of dendritic arbors. Fractal values (D) of individual cells were compared between the cytochrome oxidase (CO)-rich blobs and CO-poor interblobs of middle and upper layer III, and between sublaminae, in the primary visual area (V1). These data were compared with those in the CO compartments in the second visual area (V2), and seven other extrastriate cortical areas (V4, MT, LIP, 7a, TEO, TE and STP). There were significant differences in the fractal dimensions, and therefore the dendritic branching patterns, of cells in striate and extrastriate areas. Of the 55 possible pairwise comparisons of fractal dimension of neurones in different cortical areas (or CO compartments), 39 proved to be significantly different. The markedly different morphologies of pyramidal cells in the different cortical areas may be one of the features that determine the functional signatures of these cells by influencing the number of inputs received by, and propagation of potentials through, their dendritic arbors. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalFractals
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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